quarta-feira, 18 de fevereiro de 2015

For Teachers: The Importance of Lesson Planning

Why plan?

Lesson planning is a vital component of the teaching-learning process. Proper classroom planning will keep teachers organized and on track while teaching, thus allowing them to teach more, help students reach objectives more easily and manage less. The better prepared the teacher is, the more likely she/he will be able to handle whatever unexpectedly happens in the lesson.

Lesson planning: 
  • provides a coherent framework for smooth efficient teaching.
  • helps the teacher to be more organized.
  • gives a sense of direction in relation to the syllabus.
  • helps the teacher to be more confident when delivering the lesson.
  • provides a useful basis for future planning.
  • helps the teacher to plan lessons which cater for different students.
  • is a proof that the teacher has taken a considerable amount of effort in his/her teaching.

Decisions involved in planning lessons:

Planning is imagining the lesson before it happens. This involves prediction, anticipation, sequencing, organizing and simplifying. When teachers plan a lesson, they have to make different types of decisions which are related to the following items:
  • the aims to be achieved;the content to be taught;
  • the group to be taught: their background, previous knowledge, age, interests, etc.
  • the lessons in the book to be included or skipped;
  • the tasks to be presented;
  • the resources needed, etc.

The decisions and final results depend on the teaching situation, the learners' level, needs, interests and the teacher’s understanding of how learners learn best, the time and resources available.

Hints for effective lesson planning:
  • When planning, think about your students and your teaching context first.
  • Prepare more than you may need: It is advisable to have an easily presented, light “reserve” activity ready in case of extra time. Similarly, it is important to think in advance which component(s) of the lesson may be skipped. if you find yourself with too little time to do everything you have planned.
  • Keep an eye on your time. Include timing in the plan itself. The smooth running of your lesson depends to some extent on proper timing.
  • Think about transitions (from speaking to writing or from a slow task to a more active one).
  • Include variety if things are not working the way you have planned.
  • Pull the class together at the beginning and at the end.
  • End your lessons on a positive note.
Planning enables you to think about your teaching in a systematic way before you enter the classroom. The outcome of your planning is a coherent framework which contains a logical sequence of tasks to prepare the field for more effective teaching and learning.

Plans only express your intentions. Plans are projects which need to be implemented in a real classroom with real students. Many things may happen which you had not anticipated. In the end you need to adapt your plans in order to respond to your pupils´ actual needs. It is important to bear in mind Jim Scrivener’s words: Prepare thoroughly. But in class, teach the learners, not the plan.

segunda-feira, 19 de março de 2012

Regular 1 - Teacher Ricardo - Unit 2 Video

Watch the video and do the activities on your worksheet.

Teacher Ricardo

O que significa CALL OF DUTY?

Hi there!

Lembrem-se que quanto mais tempo estamos expostos à língua, melhor se torna o nosso aprendizado. Esta ideia pode e deve se aplicar aos seus momentos de lazer, como ouvir música, ver filmes, ler e claro jogar vídeo-game. E este post é especialmente para quem gosta de games.

Outro dia, um aluno me perguntou o que significa CALL OF DUTY, famoso jogo de tiro em primeira pessoa, que em inglês é FPS - First Person Shooter.


Call of Duty quer dizer chamado ao dever.

A palavra duty pode significar várias coisas, dentre as quais “dever, obrigação, trabalho, afazer, etc. Portanto, quando um soldado é convocado para a uma guerra ele recebe um CALL OF DUTY. 

E por ser um jogo muito popular no Brasil, muitos pronunciam seu nome errado. A letra a em call tem som de o aberto, então fica parecido com /kól/. Na palavra of, a letra f tem som de v. E a palavra duty pode ser pronunciada tanto /du.ti/ como /dyu.ti/.

Além dos títulos dos jogos, podemos aprender, ouvindo o jogo em inglês, podendo ou não colocar as legendas. O importante é sempre estar exposto ao idioma.
Good luck and have a nice game!!!

terça-feira, 14 de fevereiro de 2012

Teens 2 - Teacher Ricardo - Homework

Listen and do exercises 4a and 4b in the Workbook, page 4. Click on the links to download the audio.

Teacher Ricardo